Smile Politely

Important collection on Crochet and related arts donated to Rare Book & Manuscript Library


23 January 2014


Heather Murphy, Assistant Director of Advancement for Publications and Public Affairs
(217)333-3758; [email protected]


Urbana, Illinois–The Rare Book & Manuscript Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has received a large collection of materials documenting the history and practice of the art of crochet. The collection was donated by Gilbert Witte, long-time employee of the University Library. Named the Tennyson Library of Crochet for Witte’s great-grandmother Flora Emily Tennyson, the collection documents the history and practice of the craft through journals, patterns, samples, and manuals.  

The Tennyson Library of Crochet consists of some 7,000 items in all, ranging in date from 1843 to the present. Most items come from the United States, but there are also pieces from Canada, England, Scotland, Australia, France, Japan, Switzerland, Netherlands, Germany, Spain, Russia, Sweden, and Argentina.

Witte began collecting in earnest after receiving copies of Workbasket magazine belonging to his great-grandmother and other materials from his grandmother Flora Dell Adams. He was inspired in his search for rare and often ephemeral crochet literature by his own interest in learning the craft. Witte’s own library training led him to look for answers in books and journals. He has been systematic in his acquisitions, at one point acquiring another large collection, that of Betty Lou Claussen of Iowa, to merge with his own.

“Although my collection now resides in the Rare Book & Manuscript Library, I still plan on collecting and filling in gaps,” said Witte, who learned to crochet in 1987. “It is my hope that it will interest and be of value to not only sartorial savants, but also students and scholars of arts and crafts, art history, theater studies, photography, and cultural history.”

“The Tennyson Library of Crochet came with the added bonus that Mr. Witte, a consummate cataloger himself, cataloged and prepared every item for addition to our collection,” said Rare Book & Manuscript Library Director Valerie Hotchkiss. “Not many donors can make such a claim!”

While the origins of crochet are unknown, the first printed crochet instruction materials appeared in women’s magazines of the late 1800s, such as Godey’s Ladies’ Magazine, Frank Leslie’s Ladies’ Gazette, Peterson’s Magazine, and, somewhat later, Harper’s Bazaar, Ladies Home Journal, and Ladies’ National Magazine. Needlework instructions are also found in household management books such as the famous Mrs. Beeton’s series.  But the earliest publications devoted solely to specific needle arts were published in 1843; authored by artists such as Mrs. Gaugin, Mrs. Gore, Miss Lambert, Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, G. Curling Hope, and Mdlle. Riego de la Branchardiere.

The Tennyson Library of Crochet will be featured in a “Knot Forgotten: The Tennyson Library of Crochet at Illinois” exhibition in Summer 2014. For more information, visit 


The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library holds over thirteen million volumes, more than 120,000 serial titles, and more than nine million manuscripts, maps, slides, audio tapes, microforms, videotapes, laser discs, and other non-print material.   The University Library is ranked highly nationally and globally, and its collections and services are used heavily by students, faculty, and scholars. More than one million items are circulated annually, and many more are used on site and virtually from anywhere in the world. For more information, please visit

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